ECEAP (pronounced "E-Cap") is the Early Childhood Education and Assistance Program funded by Washington State. Head Start is funded by the federal government.
Both ECEAP and Head Start include:
- Early learning preschool or home-based services to support children’s development and learning.
- Family support and parent involvement.
- Child health coordination and nutrition.
- Services responsive and appropriate to each child's and family's heritage and experience.
Children who attend ECEAP and Head Start preschools learn to manage their feelings, get along with others and follow classroom procedures. They build the beginning skills for reading, math and science. The programs work closely with parents to support their children’s health and education and to meet family goals. They help families access medical and dental care and social services. Children in this type of high-quality program nationwide are:
- Healthier when they start kindergarten.
- Less likely to be in special education or repeat a grade in school.
- More likely to graduate from high school and go onto college.
- Less likely to become pregnant as a teen or become involved in a crime.
- More likely to be employed and to earn more as an adult.
Head Start program types:
- Head Start is for 3- to 5-year-olds
- Early Head Start is for pregnant women and children birth to age three. It promotes healthy prenatal outcomes, enhances the development of infants and toddlers, and promotes healthy family functioning. Children are served in their homes or in centers.
- Migrant and Seasonal Head Start is for pregnant women and children birth to age give in communities with migrant and seasonal workers.
- Tribal Head Start serves American Indian and Alaska Native children ages birth through age 5 and their families. Services are located on or near reservations.
- Part Day classes are 2 ½ or more hours, several days a week, during the school year.
- Full School Day classes are 5.5-6.5 hours per day, 4 or 5 days a week, during the school year.
- Extended Day is available at least 10 hours a day, year round, combining child care and ECEAP. Parents must meet work or training requirements.
Who is eligible?
Children are eligible for ECEAP and Head Start based on their age and family income. Up to 10 percent of ECEAP and Head Start children can be from families above the income limit if they have:
- Developmental factors such as developmental delay, disability, or other special needs
- Environmental factors such as homelessness, family violence, chemical dependency, child protective services involvement, foster care, or incarcerated parents.
After eligibility is determined, children are prioritized for enrollment as space is available in their communities. While ECEAP and Head Start have similar eligibility criteria, there are some differences:
ECEAP children must be 3 years old but not yet 5 years old on August of the school year, and:
- On Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) for special education or
- From families at or below 110 percent of the federal poverty level, which includes all children in foster care and all families with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) cash grants. Some children may be accepted who are over the income limit, if they have developmental or environmental factors.
Head Start children must be 3 to 5 years old for preschool Head Start; pregnant or 0 to 3 years old for Early Head Start, and:
- From families at or below 130 percent of the federal poverty level, with priority to those at or below 100 percent or
- Homeless, in foster care, or from families with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) cash
Some children may be accepted who are over the income limit if they have developmental or environmental factors.
To enroll a child, contact the ECEAP or Head Start agency near you: